Exploring the Health and Care Needs of Your Presa Canario Companion

Young,adult,male,presa,canario,dog,(dogo,canario),poses,outdoorsExploring the Health and Care Needs of Your Presa Canario Companion

The Presa Canario is a large and powerful breed that originated in the Canary Islands. In recent years, the breed has gained popularity as a companion dog due to its loyal and protective nature. However, it’s important to understand the unique health and care needs of this breed to ensure a happy and healthy life for your Presa Canario companion. In this post, we’ll explore some of the most important aspects of Presa Canario care.


Presa Canarios are active dogs that require daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. They need at least 30 to 60 minutes of exercise per day, which can include walks, runs, and playtime in a yard or dog park. However, as a powerful breed, caution should be taken when exercising them, as they may be prone to joint problems. To minimize this, start with short walks as puppies and, over time, gradually increase the exercise duration. Presa Canarios also enjoy playing fetch or tug of war, but it’s important to teach them to drop a toy on command to prevent any aggression artefacts.


Presa Canarios are a large breed that requires a healthy and balanced diet to support their active lifestyle. They need high-quality dog food that provides a proper balance of protein, fats, and carbohydrates to maintain a healthy weight. It’s also important to feed them at assigned times throughout the day to avoid any unwanted weight gain.

You should avoid feeding your Presa Canario table scraps, as they may contain ingredients that are harmful to the dog. Human foods high in salt, sugar, and fat like chocolates, grapes, and high spiced food should not be given to your Presa Canario as they can damage your dog’s sensitive stomach.


Presa Canarios have a short, coarse coat that requires minimal grooming. They shed seasonally, and weekly brushing is recommended year-round to remove loose hair and dirt. To promote a shiny coat, you should bathe your Presa Canario regularly, once every two to three months. It’s important to trim their nails regularly to avoid overgrowth and painful cracking, as well as to inspect their ears and clean them as needed.

Vaccinations and Preventative Care

Regular veterinary check-ups are essential to the health of your Presa Canario. Their vet will check for any signs of illness or disease and advise you on appropriate preventative measures for your dog. Vaccinations are vital for the prevention of various illnesses. Some veterinarians recommend an initial round of puppy vaccinations followed by annual booster shots. A physical examination should also be done twice a year for adult Presa Canarios.

Dental Care

Like many dogs, Presa Canarios are prone to dental problems like tartar buildup, plaque, and gingivitis. This can cause discomfort and diseases later down the line. To maintain good dental health, brush your Presa Canario’s teeth daily to get rid of excess food, debris and bacteria. It’s also important to provide them with chewable toys and dental sticks to help remove plaque and tartar buildup on their teeth.

Training and Socialization

Presa Canarios are known for their loyalty and protectiveness, but these traits can also lead to potential aggression if the dog is not adequately trained and socialized. Early socialization can minimize aggressive behavior towards unfamiliar people and pets.

Begin training your Presa Canario puppy as early as possible by using positive reinforcement, which would include treats and praises. Being firm with your pup without being aggressive will train them not to bite or act aggressively. Since they are potent breeds, you would have to train them to obey commands at a young age, for instance, with leash training. Patience and persistence are important when training a Presa Canario, and it is essential to establish dominance from a young age, if not they will be owned by their territoriality and love for their master.

Potential health Risks

Presa Canarios are robust breeds, but they are prone to some health problems, which is why regular checkups are essential. Some potential health risks that can affect Presa Canarios include:

Hip Dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is a common bone problem in many large breeds, Presas included. It’s an inherited condition that causes the dog’s hip joint to form poorly, leading to arthritis and discomfort.

Elbow Dysplasia: Elbow dysplasia is also an inherited condition that causes the elbow joint to develop abnormally, leading to arthritis and discomfort.

Heart diseases: One of the most serious health risks to Presas is heart diseases like dilated cardiomyopathy, which is commonly seen in large breeds. Most times, cardiomyopathy may lead to sudden death, once a vet spots this health condition.

Obesity: Presa Canario compliance with good health and fitness is vital. Overfeeding them is a threat to their health. An overweight dog could lead to eventual joint problems.


In summary, the Presa Canario is a noble breed that requires regular exercise, proper grooming, high-quality diet, and routine veterinary checkups. It’s also essential to provide adequate training and socialization to avoid aggressive behavior, and maintain their dental health regularly. With proper care and attention, your Presa Canario can live a healthy and happy life by your side. However, please keep in mind that all dogs are different from each other, and you should consult a Presa Canario specialist if you are concerned about your dog’s health.